Oranges

General information about the oranges

The orange (Citrus sinensis) is an evergreen fruit tree and belongs to the citrus. Its maximum height in full growth will not exceed ten meters, with a maximum crown diameter of five meters. The branches of the orange form angles and spread, they are cylindrical and have elasticity. So they can withstand quite a lot of fruit weight even though they bend. During April, some of the old leaves fall and are replaced by new ones. The flowers are white, quite large and fragrant, and come out in spring and summer individually from the shoots. From these flowers tie fruits in a small percentage, while most fall. A fruit set of ten percent of the flowers produced is considered a satisfactory production for our tree.

Orange grows in sunny and wind and frost protected planting locations. It needs regular irrigation, especially in the summer months, and fertilization. Oranges are distinguished in the common varieties, the umbilical cords, the blood-colored ones and the sweet ones.

Nutritional elements

Vitamin B (mg/100g) 1.2 mg
Vitamin C (mg/100g) 45.5 mg
Vitamin E (mg/100g) 0.6 mg
Potassium (mg/100g) 164 mg
Calcium (mg/100g) 40 mg
Πορτοκάλια

Our varieties

Our varieties of oranges based on their harvest period, are the following:
  • NAVELINA (Early season)
  • WASHINGTON NAVEL (Middle season)
  • CHISLETT SUMMER (Late season)
  • LANE LATE (Late season)
  • NAVELATE (Late season)
  • SALUSTIANA (Late season)
  • VALENCIA LATE (Late season)

EARLY SEASON

NAVELINA

Mutation from the variety Early navel which became in California. The tree is less vigorous without thorns. The foliage is off dark green color and the flowers have very little pollen, which is similiar to the one of all the varieties of the Navel family. The fruit have a small navel on their bottom.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 180- 220
  • Diameter (mm): 70 – 75
  • Form: Diameter / = 0.96
  • Bark (mm): 3.5-4.5
  • Color: Vivid color. Indicator color = 18
  • % Juice: 50- 54
  • Stone: No
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 20th October – 15th January
  • Agronomic Remarks: It has a minor tendency for fluctuation in the production per cultivation.

Development of the acute of the fruit and the degree of the maturation

MIDDLE SEASON

WASHINGTON NAVEL

Mutation which spotted on the area Bahia in Brazil about 1800 AD. The tree is vigorous with some thorns on its clones with a higher development. The blossoms (flowers) have very little pollen as it happens with all the varieties of the Navel family. The fruit have a small or a big navel on its bottom accordingly.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 210- 240
  • Diameter (mm): 75 – 80
  • Form: Diameter / =1.02
  • Bark (mm): 3.5-4.5
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 13
  • % Juice: 50- 55
  • Stones: No
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 15th December – 28th February
  • Agronomic Remarks: It needs cure to prevent the fall of the fruit, if you want to be kept until the end of February.

Development of the acute of the fruit and the maturity degree

LATE SEASON

CHISLETT SUMMER

Mutation from the variety Washinghton which comes from Australia. The tree is vigorous with some thorns on its clones with a very good development. The flowers have very little pollen, as it happens with all the varieties of the Navel family. The fruits have a navel.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 240- 260
  • Diameter (mm): 78 -83
  • Form: Diameter / =1.02
  • Bark (mm): 3.5-4
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 12
  • % Juice: 55- 58
  • Stones: No
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 15th February – 15th May
  • Agronomic Remarks: During the maturity period the fruit have a very good adhesion to the misch which lets the delayed harvest.

Development of the acute of the fruit and the degree of the maturity

LATE SEASON

LANE LATE

Mutation from the variety Washington which comes from Australia. The tree is vigorous with few thorns on its clones and a large development. The flowers haven’t got a pollen, as all the varieties of the Navel family. The fruit have got a naver on their bottom.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 200- 230
  • Diameter (mm): 73 -78
  • Form: Diameter / =1.02
  • Bark (mm): 3.5-4.0
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 12
  • % Juice: 55- 58
  • Stone: No
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 15th January – 15th April
  • Agronomic Remarks: During the end of the period the fruit preserves a good adhesion to the misch, although it is not so good as the varieties Barnfield, Chislett, Powell and Rohde.

Development of the acute of the fruit and the maturity degree.

LATE SEASON

NAVELATE

Mutation from the variety Washington which comes from the area of Vinaroz (Castellon). The tree is vigorous with smaller thorns on the clones during the fruition. The flowers have not got pollen, as it happens with all the varieties of the Navel family. The fruits have a navel smaller than the other varieties of the Navel family. The fruit contain organo-nutrients elements of a very high quality.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 160- 200
  • Diameter (mm): 65 -70
  • Form: Diameter / =0.97
  • Bark (mm): 3-3.5
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 11
  • % Juice: 50- 54
  • Stone: No
  • Fruition: Medium
  • Harvest Period: 15th January – 31th March
  • Agronomic Remarks: During the maturity period the bark is too sensitive to the wind and it is more dangerous to exist some damage such as “pateta”

Development of the acute of the fruit and the maturity degree

LATE SEASON

SALUSTIANA

Mutation of the variety of the common orange tree coming from the area L’ Enova in Valencia. The tree is very vigorous without thorns and it has the tendency to create vertical clones which come out the “cup” of the tree. The sustainability of the pollen is short. Th fruit is suitable for consumption as a table fruit or juice.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 150- 180
  • Diameter (mm): 64 -70
  • Form: Diameter / =1.05
  • Bark (mm): 3.5-4.3
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 10
  • % Juice: 50- 55
  • Stone: Yes 0-1
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 15th December – 15th March
  • Agronomic Remarks: It demands activities which prevent the fall of the fruits, if we want to have harvest from the mid of February and after that. It has a small difference according to the quantity in cultivation.

Development of the acute of the fruit and the maturity degree

LATE SEASON

VALENCIA LATE

It’s a variation whose origins may come from Portugal. The tree is vigor without thorns, with a little sustainability of its pollen. The fruit is suitable for consumption as as well as a juice. It contains very little limolini.

Characteristics of the fruit

  • Weight (g): 170 – 200
  • Diameter (mm): 67 -72
  • Form: Diameter / =1.01
  • Bark (mm): 2.7–3.7
  • Color: Orange Indicator Color = 10
  • % Juice: 53- 58
  • Stone: Yes 1-4
  • Fruition: High
  • Harvest Period: 20th March – 15th June
  • Agronomic Remarks: The fruit has a good attachment to the stem. There is a tendency to different quantities according to the cultivation. At the end of the period, during the harvest of the fruits, the fruit remains a little bit green around the stem.

Development of the acidity of the fruit and the degree of the maturation

Oranges' seasonality

See the seasonality in terms of production and harvest of our oranges:

SEASONVARIETYJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
EARLYNAVELINA
MIDDLEWASHINGTON NAVEL
LATECHISLETT SUMMER
LANE LATE
NAVELATE
SALUSTIANA
VALENCIA LATE
SEASONVARIETYJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNOCTNOVDEC
EARLYNAVELINA
MIDDLEWASHINGTON NAVEL
LATECHISLETT SUMMER
LANE LATE
NAVELATE
SALUSTIANA
VALENCIA LATE